Today, I work for a company that is trying to establish a floor of education for every child in the world, regardless of income status. Children should have access to a basic education, regardless of socioeconomic status. And what motivates people at this company is the very real prospect of achieving just that. We have 60 schools today. In a year, we will have countless more. If this experiment works, every child, no matter how poor, will have access to a decent education for cheap. That is what drives people.
So when I heard about a homeless woman who was arrested for “stealing education” in Bridgeport, it upset me. The ironically-named Stamford Advocate has the story:
NORWALK — A homeless woman from Bridgeport who enrolled her 6-year-old son at a Norwalk elementary school has become the first in the city to be charged with stealing more than $15,000 for the cost of her child’s education.
Tonya McDowell, 33, whose last known address was 66 Priscilla St., Bridgeport, was charged Thursday with first-degree larceny and conspiracy to commit first-degree larceny for allegedly stealing $15,686 from Norwalk schools. She was released after posting a $25,000 bond.
McDowell’s babysitter, Ana Rebecca Marques, was also evicted from her Roodner Court public housing apartment for providing documents to enroll the child at Brookside Elementary School.
This is despicable. Fairfield County, to me, symbolizes everything that is wrong with America today. It presents the most egregious example of raw inequality that is at the heart of our society today. On this blog, your correspondent lamented the fact that the Bridgeport County, which has some of both the poorest and richest towns in America, has a Gini coefficient – the measure of income inequality – that is higher than that of Zimbabwe. In this county, housing projects and yacht clubs share the same area code. In an article titled, “Gap of Luxury,” Benjamin Carlson explains the situation:
Traveling the few miles between Bridgeport proper and its suburbs can feel like crossing into different worlds.
On one side of the proverbial tracks, there are 50-foot sailboats, vintage Ferraris and quaint New England streets lined by immaculate colonial mansions. On the other, a quarter of the population lives in poverty, unemployment is 14 percent, and 95 percent of the kids in public schools qualify for free or reduced-price lunches.
In Fairfield, a quaint town bordering Bridgeport, there are the obvious markers of American affluence: white picket fences, jewelry boutiques and a Whole Foods with parking spots reserved for electric cars.
But a few steps from the main drag, a homeless shelter called Operation Hope caters to those lying on the opposite side of the wealth divide.
The United States has been growing steadily more unequal over the past two decades. Some of this has to do with globalization and a global market for labor has rendered certain jobs obsolete or uncompetitive in the United States. Some of this also has to do with the irresponsibility and recklessness within the financial system in the United States. And it is here that I find some of the greatest irony.
The median income for a family in Norwalk is about $85,000. In contrast, the same number in Bridgeport – the town from which Ms. McDowell hails – is $39,000, or less than half. Fairfield County, which encompasses both communities, has been called a “hedge fund ghetto” because of the high concentration of investment management funds in the area. Some of the financial engineering that lay at the heart of the economic crisis took place in Fairfield County.
To date, not a single person has been prosecuted for crimes committed during the financial crisis. Many of them continue to live comfortably in Fairfield County. Yet a woman who falsified her place of residence to gain access to the better public education system that is largely funded by the very source of revenue that has made things worse for people in Bridgeport has been sent to jail for 12 years for her crimes. Why such a harsh penalty? Richard Moccia, the mayor of Norwalk, has the answer:
“This now sends a message to other parents that may have been living in other towns and registering their kids with phony addresses,” he said.
Fairfield County should take a hard look at itself and ask itself whether this is the way they want to treat their own. And the United States should think about the way that it is educating its children. The U.S. – one of the wealthiest countries in the world – is rated “average” in terms of education in the OECD’s most recent PISA report, including a below-average 25th in mathematics. Making the best education accessible only to those who can afford it is a losing formula for competing in a global economy. How bad of an idea is it really? The Harvard Business Review doesn’t mince words:
By practically any measure, the quality of public K–12 education in the United States is dismal. Of the high school seniors who in 2009 took the biennial National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) tests, administered by the U.S. Department of Education, fully 74% scored below proficient in mathematics, 62% in reading, and 79% in science. Within those sorry aggregate scores lay the familiar disparities among black and Hispanic Americans, who lag behind their fellow students on the exams by as much as 20 to 30 points. Poor K–12 achievement has a direct impact on success in higher education. Even though U.S. students have been getting into college in ever increasing numbers over the past 20 years, the college graduation rate has not risen. Over the past 30 years, nearly every labor-intensive service industry in the U.S. has seen dramatic increases in productivity, while public education has become roughly half as productive—spending twice the money per student to achieve the same results.
Thanks, Mayor Moccia and Fairfield County, for costing the rest of us $1.2 trillion in revenue. Aside from the GDP concerns, on a more human level, making a good education contingent on the wealth of the parents is wrong, morally and ethically.
Today I am surrounded by people who are passionate about making sure that every kid gets a chance, regardless of their place of birth or poverty status. When I read stories like this about Fairfield County, I shake my head. Fortunately, Fairfield County is hardly representative of the rest of the country (a better comparison is Zimbabwe). If it was, then the American dream would truly be dead.
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Good piece but fails to understand and/or mention that fairfield county isn’t a body governed by one board and one school district like many other parts of the nation. Each town acts separately and collects taxes separately, therefore runs their schools seperately. So the actions of Ms. McDowell are larceny and even fraud for using a false address. Especially because she knew what she was doing was illegal.
Thanks for your comment. What you are saying I misunderstand is really my fundamental point. If the quality of the education system dependent on the tax revenue of the town, then clearly Fairfield County will have incredible disparities. If you are born and live in Bridgeport, you are likely to attend Bridgeport schools, which are probably underfunded and overcrowded. If you are born and live in Norwalk, you attend well-funded schools with better facilities and opportunities. This system allows for very little socioeconomic mobility, similar to many developing countries (like Zimbabwe, for example). This is why Fairfield County, to me symbolizes everything that is wrong with our society. There once was a time when the combination of hard work and intelligence led to success. In parts of Fairfield County, not only is that not the case, but if you try to level the playing field, as Ms. McDowell did, you are thrown in jail for 12 years and your child enters foster care. Is that really how Fairfield County wants to treat its citizens? If so, I am glad I don’t live there.
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