Music in Ghana: High Life, Hip Life, and Gospel

As a generalization, African music is some of the best in the world.  In fact, most of the rest of the best music in the world is derived from African music, in one way or another.  Jazz, blues, bluegrass, rock and roll, and reggae can trace their roots to an African lineage.  I’m not sure why the number of African bands to make it on a global scale is so limited, but it is a missed opportunity.  Graceland by Paul Simon put Ladysmith Black Mambazo on the map, in part because the release of the album happened during apartheid, but also because the music was so good.  Fela Kuti, the Nigerian protest singer, and Oliver Mtukudzi from Zimbabwe, and Osibisa from Ghana (and other places), all have epic catalogues, but their international success puts them in the minority.  So, now that I have left Ghana, it is a good time for me to give a rundown of the music I’ve been listening to for the last six months.

High Life:

High life is among the most popular styles of music in Ghana.  It is breezy and upbeat with a quick drum line.  The most famous highlife group is called Osibisa.  It is an old school throwback band from the 70’s, 80’s, and 90’s.  The core members are Ghanaians who studied music in the UK and formed an international super-group comprised of different nationalities.

1.  Osibisa – “Sunshine Day”

2.  Osibisa – “The Coffee Song”

This is a personal favorite among my Canadian friends.  Because they do have an awful lot of coffee in Brazil.

Hip Life:

African hip hop, R&B, and rap fall under the heading “hip life.” This is what the kids are listening to these days, and it is what you hear when go to clubs, bars, and festivals.  In general, Ghanaians love dancing.  And, as far as I can tell, are some of the most talented dancers in the world.  They also love to listen to music incredibly loudly.  I have permanent hearing damage from sitting next to banks of amplifiers that make any attempt at conversation completely fruitless.  But I love it, and am going to miss it.

Here are some of the big hip life guys putting out the good music right now:

  1. Castro ft. Baby Jet – “African Girls”

You can’t miss this bumpin’ track that is played almost every single second of every single day.  That’s not necessarily a bad thing, since it is so good.  Castro is a big hip life star right now, and Baby Jet is the rap name for Asamoah Gyan, better known as the striker for Sunderland and the player who nailed the crossbar in the quarterfinals of the World Cup against Uruguay.  It’s a catchy beat and a great dance track.  I went to see Castro live at the football stadium in Tamale.  The concert was supposed to start at 7 PM.  Seven hours, eleven opening acts, two broken microphones, and a broken sound system later, I left.  Castro went on 30 minutes later, at 2:30 AM

    2.  Gyptian – “Hold Yuh Remix ft. Klu, Boboo, Bra Kevin, Boy Nash, Felly”

If I had to sit in a waiting room and listen to this song on repeat, it wouldn’t be so bad.  The original is huge in London and maybe the United States, though I don’t know because I haven’t been back in a while.  But, in Ghana, every hip life star worth his mettle has done a remix of this song.  This one is the best:

    3.  Ruff n’ Smooth – “Sex Machine”

This band, despite having a hilarious name, is super sweet.  They sing relatively dirty songs that are chop bar and club favorites.

4.  4X4 – “World Trade Center”

An absolutely filthy and misogynistic track that happens to be really good

    5.  P Square feat. J Martins – “E No Easy”

This Nigerian duo of two identical twin brothers is super popular all over West Africa.  Nigeria is the hub for hip life, exporting its style to Ghana and other places.

    6.  Sarkodie – “Babe”

Sarkodie is one of the biggest hip life stars in Ghana.  During my first week, I went to an exclusive party at Afrodisiac, a hot night club, that I had no business attending.  Sarkodie performed and was chilling in the VIP room with his crew drinking champagne.  I’m a terrible dance in any environment, but at a hip life night club in Accra, it is downright embarassing.

7.  Keche – “Pressure”

Keche is on Sarkodie’s record label and the party at Aphrodisiac was his album release party.  I paid 5 Ghana cedis for his album, then found out they were giving it away for free outside the club.


Maybe the most ubiquitous of all the styles, you will hear Ghana gospel music everywhere.  The music videos are almost as good as the music itself.

So there you have it.  Ghana friends – please let me know if I missed anything.

One thought on “Music in Ghana: High Life, Hip Life, and Gospel

  1. David

    Do you know of a possible list of dances to High and hip life Contemporary Ghana dances? I am trying to do a search. So far I know Azonto, Kukere, Azonto plus

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